The Rwandan Genocide was the 1994 mass murder of an estimated 800,000 people in Rwanda. Over the course of approximately 100 days, over 500,000 ~ 1,000,000 people, as much as 20% of the country’s population, were killed. It was the culmination of longstanding ethnic competition and tensions between the minority Tutsi, who had controlled power for centuries, and the majority Hutu peoples, who had come to power in the rebellion of 1959–62 and overthrown the Tutsi monarchy.
In 1990, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), a rebel group composed mostly of Tutsi refugees, invaded northern Rwanda from Uganda in an attempt to defeat the Hutu-led government. They began the Rwandan Civil War, fought between the Hutu regime, with support from France and Uganda. In response, many Hutu gravitated toward the Hutu Powerideology, with the prompting of state-controlled and independent Rwandan media. As an ideology, Hutu Power asserted that the Tutsi intended to enslave the Hutu and must be resisted at all costs. Continuing ethnic strife resulted in the rebels' displacing large numbers of Hutu in the north, plus periodic localized Hutu killings of Tutsi in the south. International pressure on the Hutu-led government of Juvénal Habyarimana resulted in a cease-fire in 1993.
The assassination of Habyarimana in April 1994 set off a violent reaction, during which Hutu groups conducted mass killings of Tutsis (and also pro-peace Hutus, who were portrayed as "traitors" and "collaborationists"). The genocide was supported and coordinated by the national government as well as by local military and civil officials and mass media. Alongside the military, primary responsibility for the killings themselves rests with two Hutu militias that had been organized for this purpose by political parties: the Interahamwe and the Impuzamugambi, although once the genocide was underway a great number of Hutu civilians took part in the murders.
We visited "one of many" memorial centers in Rwanda and it made all of us speechless.
Putting pictures reminds me of Susan Sontag's "Regarding pain of others" arguing that showing violent photos from Africa nourishes our prejudice on "underdeveloped" Africa so I'll just link some good articles here.
Survivor story: http://www.kigalimemorialcentre.org/old/survivors/valentine.html
Too many question unanswered through the trip : what makes this humanity failure?